Written in , it is by far Rodrigo's best-known work, and its success established his reputation as one of the most significant Spanish composers of the 20th century.
The Concierto de Aranjuez was inspired by the gardens at Palacio Real de Aranjuez , the spring resort palace and gardens built by Philip II in the last half of the 16th century and rebuilt in the middle of the 18th century by Ferdinand VI.
The work attempts to transport the listener to another place and time through the evocation of the sounds of nature. According to the composer, the first movement is "animated by a rhythmic spirit and vigour without either of the two themes Rodrigo and his wife Victoria stayed silent for many years about the inspiration for the second movement, and thus the popular belief grew that it was inspired by the bombing of Guernica in In her autobiography, Victoria eventually declared that it was both an evocation of the happy days of their honeymoon and a response to Rodrigo's devastation at the miscarriage of their first pregnancy.
Concerto De Aranjuez Adagio - Joaquin Rodrigo
Rodrigo, nearly blind since age three, was a pianist. A work premiered in Spain in this highly charged environment had to celebrate, or pretend to celebrate, or permit the interpretation that it was celebrating, the current political situation. The celebration of a palace and gardens of a sixteenth-century Habsburg king offered no ideological threat to the Francoist State, and was in harmony with its emerging policy of celebrating Spanish history, conservatively interpreted.
Composed in early , in Paris, amid the tensions of the impending war , it was the first work Rodrigo wrote for guitar and orchestra.
The instrumentation is unusual: rarely does the guitar face the forces of a full orchestra. Thus, the guitar is never overwhelmed. This concerto is in three movements, Allegro con spirito , Adagio and Allegro gentile. The first and last movements are in D major , while the famous middle movement is in B minor.
The theme is made of tonic , supertonic , and dominant chords and features a flamenco -like hemiola rhythm. The second movement, the best-known of the three, is marked by its slow pace and quiet melody, introduced by the cor anglais , with a soft accompaniment by the guitar and strings. A feeling of quiet regret permeates the piece.
Ornamentation is added gradually to the melody in the beginning. An off-tonic trill in the guitar creates the first seeds of tension in the piece; they grow and take hold, but relax back to the melody periodically. Eventually, a climactic build-up starts.
This breaks back into the main melody, molto appassionato, voiced by the strings with accompaniment from the woodwinds. As the movement progresses, the metre becomes more irregular. William Yeoman provides an interesting discographical survey of recordings of the concerto in Gramophone magazine. At the request of Nicanor Zabaleta , Rodrigo transcribed the Concierto for harp and orchestra in A number of musicians have since reinterpreted the work, usually the second movement, perhaps most famously jazz musician Miles Davis in the company of arranger Gil Evans.
On the album Sketches of Spain , Davis says: "That melody is so strong that the softer you play it, the stronger it gets, and the stronger you play it, the weaker it gets.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Concierto de Aranjuez disambiguation. Adagio from the Concierto de Aranjuez.
Latin American Literary Review Press.
Retrieved 23 December — via Google Books. Handbook of Guitar and Lute Composers. Mel Bay Publications. Retrieved 23 December Retrieved 17 October Duarte, "Presti, Ida," in Stanley Sadie ed. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
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See media help. Introduction guitar, B minor Theme English horn. Theme guitar, B major. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Concierto de Aranjuez.