When Was The First Lord Of The Rings Book Released

When was the first lord of the rings book released

The Lord of the Rings is a film series of three epic fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson , based on the novel written by J. Set in the fictional world of Middle-earth , the films follow the hobbit Frodo Baggins as he and the Fellowship embark on a quest to destroy the One Ring , to ensure the destruction of its maker, the Dark Lord Sauron.

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The Fellowship eventually splits up and Frodo continues the quest with his loyal companion Sam and the treacherous Gollum. Meanwhile, Aragorn , heir in exile to the throne of Gondor , along with Legolas , Gimli , Merry , Pippin and the wizard Gandalf , unite to rally the Free Peoples of Middle-earth in the War of the Ring in order to aid Frodo by weakening Sauron's forces. The three films were shot simultaneously and entirely in Jackson's native New Zealand from 11 October until 22 December , with pick-up shots done from to An extended edition of each film was released on home video a year after its theatrical release.

The Lord of the Rings is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential film series ever made. Each film was critically acclaimed and heavily awarded , winning 17 out of their 30 Academy Award nominations.

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Unbeknownst to them, the Dark Lord Sauron forges the One Ring in Mount Doom , infusing into it a great part of his power to dominate the other Rings, so he might conquer Middle-earth. A final alliance of men and elves battles Sauron's forces in Mordor , where Prince Isildur of Gondor severs Sauron's finger, and the Ring with it, thereby destroying his physical form.

With Sauron's first defeat, the Third Age of Middle-earth begins. Unfortunately, the Ring's influence corrupts Isildur, who takes it for himself.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

Isildur is later killed by Orcs , and the Ring is lost for 2, years, until it is found by Gollum , who owns it for five centuries. The Ring is then found by a hobbit named Bilbo Baggins , who turns invisible when he puts it on, but is unaware of its history.

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Sixty years later, Bilbo celebrates his th birthday in the Shire , reuniting with his old friend, Gandalf the Grey. Bilbo reveals that he intends to leave the Shire for one last adventure, and he leaves his inheritance, including the Ring, to his nephew, Frodo. Although Bilbo has begun to become corrupted by the Ring and tries to keep it for himself, Gandalf intervenes. Gandalf, suspicious of the Ring, tells Frodo to keep it secret and to keep it safe.

Gandalf then investigates the Ring, discovers its true nature, and returns to warn Frodo. Gandalf also learns that Gollum was tortured by Orcs, and that Gollum uttered two words during his torture: "Shire" and "Baggins.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

After a brief battle, Saruman imprisons Gandalf. However, Gandalf never arrives, and they are instead aided by a ranger named Strider , a friend of Gandalf's, who promises to escort them to Rivendell. She takes him to Rivendell, where he is healed. Frodo meets Gandalf, who escaped Isengard with help from Gwaihir , a giant eagle. That night, Aragorn reunites with Arwen at Rivendell , where they confirm their love and commitment for each other.

Bilbo gives Frodo his sword, Sting. The Fellowship of the Ring sets off, but Saruman's magic forces them to travel through the Mines of Moria , much to Gandalf's displeasure. The Fellowship discovers that the dwarves within Moria have been slain, and they are attacked by Orcs and a cave troll.

They defeat them, but are confronted by Durin's Bane , a Balrog residing within the mines.

Gandalf casts the Balrog into a vast chasm, but it drags Gandalf down into the darkness with it. Galadriel privately informs Frodo that only he can complete the quest, and that one of his friends will try to take the Ring.

Meanwhile, Saruman creates an army of Uruk-hai to track down and kill the Fellowship. Frodo wanders off and is confronted by Boromir, who tries to take the Ring in desperation.

Afraid of the Ring corrupting his friends, Frodo decides to travel to Mordor alone. The Fellowship is then ambushed by the Uruk-hai. Merry and Pippin are taken captive, and Boromir is mortally wounded by the Uruk chieftain, Lurtz. Aragorn arrives and slays Lurtz, and watches Boromir die peacefully.

Awakening from a dream of Gandalf the Grey battling the Balrog , Frodo Baggins and his friend Samwise Gamgee find themselves lost in the Emyn Muil near Mordor and soon become aware that they are being stalked by Gollum , the former owner of the One Ring. After capturing him, a sympathetic Frodo decides to use Gollum as a guide to Mordor, despite Sam's objections.

While searching for the Hobbits in Fangorn, Aragorn's group encounters Gandalf , who, after succumbing to his injuries while killing the Balrog in Moria , has been resurrected as Gandalf the White to help save Middle-earth.

That night, Aragorn experiences a dream of him meeting with Arwen who then tells him that he must depart with Frodo and reassures him when he doesn't feel confident enough that his path is set for him. When the refugees comes under attack by Warg -riding Orcs sent by Saruman, Aragorn falls off a cliff and is presumed dead.

However, he is awoken by his horse Brego and rides to Helm's Deep. That same night, Arwen is told by her father that Aragorn will not be returning home but she remains hopeful that he will return home and if she remains in Middle-Earth , only death and destruction await her if she remains in Middle-Earth and even if Aragorn becomes King of Gondor and Sauron is defeated again, only pain and death await her, convincing her to reluctantly depart for Valinor.

The Uruk-hai breach the outer wall using gunpowder-like explosives and force the remaining defenders to retreat into the inner castle. Merry and Pippin, having convinced Treebeard that they were allies, are brought to an Ent Council in Fangorn where the Ents decide not to assist in the war. Pippin then tells Treebeard to take them in the direction of Isengard , where they witness the devastation caused to the forest by Saruman's war efforts. An enraged Treebeard summons the Ents and they storm Isengard, drowning the orcs by breaking their river dam and stranding Saruman in Orthanc.

The Uruk-hai flee into Fangorn forest, which has moved closer to the battle at the urging of Treebeard, where they are destroyed. Gandalf warns that Sauron's retaliation will be terrible and swift. Frodo helps Faramir catch Gollum to save him from being killed and Faramir learns of the One Ring and takes his captives with him to Gondor to win his father's respect. While passing through the besieged Gondorian city of Osgiliath , Sam reveals that Boromir was driven mad by the Ring and tried to take it.

Faramir is impressed by Frodo and releases them along with Gollum.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

While leading the hobbits once more, Gollum decides to take revenge on Frodo and reclaim the Ring by leading the group to " Her " upon arriving at Cirith Ungol. He retreats into the Misty Mountains as the Ring twists his body and mind, until he becomes the creature Gollum.

Pippin later looks into the seeing-stone and is telepathically attacked by Sauron.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

He rides there to warn Gondor's steward Denethor , taking Pippin with him. The hobbits begin climbing a stair carved in the cliff face that will take them into Mordor via a "secret way," unaware that Gollum plans to kill them and take the Ring.

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The Witch-king and his forces strike and overwhelm Osgiliath , forcing Faramir and his garrison to retreat to Minas Tirith. Gollum disposes of the Hobbits' food, blaming Sam.

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Believing that Sam desires the Ring, Frodo tells him to go home before he and Gollum continue to the tunnel leading to Mordor. Gollum tricks him into venturing into the lair of the giant spider Shelob. Frodo narrowly escapes and confronts Gollum, telling him that he must destroy the Ring for both their sakes.

Gollum attacks Frodo but falls down a chasm.

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Frodo continues on, but Shelob discovers, paralyses, and binds him. However, Sam returns and injures Shelob, driving her away.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

Sam hides as Orcs appear and take Frodo with them. The Orcs start a fight because of ownership of Frodo's mithril vest, allowing Sam to escape with Frodo and continue their journey.

Aragorn learns from Elrond that Arwen 's strength is fading, having refused to leave and wishing to stay in Middle Earth and reunite with Aragorn and start a family and become mortal after seeing a vision of her son with Aragorn.

Joined by Legolas and Gimli, Aragorn travels to the Paths of the Dead, recruiting the Army of the Dead by pledging to release them from the curse Isildur put on them. Faramir is gravely wounded after a futile effort to retake Osgiliath; believing his son to be dead, Denethor falls into madness.

Gandalf is left to defend the city against the Orc army, led by Gothmog. As Gothmog's army forces its way into the city, Denethor attempts to kill himself and Faramir on a pyre.

Aragorn arrives with the Army of the Dead, who overcome Sauron's forces and win the battle; Aragorn then frees them from the curse. Aragorn's army draws out Sauron's remaining forces and empties Mordor, allowing Frodo and Sam to reach the volcano, but Gollum attacks them just as they reach Mount Doom. As he stands on the ledge over the volcanic fire, Frodo succumbs to the Ring and claims it as his own, putting it on his finger.

Despite Frodo being invisible, Gollum manages to find and attack him, biting his finger off to reclaim the Ring. Frodo fights back, and as they struggle over the Ring, both fall off the ledge. Gollum falls into the fire with the Ring and dies. Frodo clings to the side of the ledge, and Sam rescues him as the Ring disintegrates in the lava.

When was the first lord of the rings book released

Gandalf flies in with eagles to rescue the Hobbits, who awaken in Minas Tirith and are reunited with the surviving Fellowship. Aragorn is crowned King of Gondor and takes Arwen as his queen. He leaves Sam the Red Book of Westmarch , which details their adventures. Sam returns to the Shire, where he embraces Rosie and their children. The following is a list of cast members who voiced or portrayed characters appearing in the extended version of the films. Jackson began storyboarding and screenwriting the series with Christian Rivers , Fran Walsh and Philippa Boyens in and assigned his crew to begin designing Middle-earth at the same time.

They were also visual effects supervisors. In November , famed Tolkien illustrators Alan Lee and John Howe joined the project; [5] most of the imagery in the films is based on their various illustrations.

A new book from J.R.R. Tolkien—The Fall of Gondolin—to be released in August

Principal photography for all three films was conducted concurrently in many locations within New Zealand's conservation areas and national parks. Filming took place between 11 October and 22 December with Andrew Lesnie serving as director of photography.

Pick-up shoots were conducted annually from to Osborne , Rick Porras , and any other assistant director, producer, or writer available. Jackson, Walsh, and Boyens did not write each film to correspond exactly to its respective book, opting instead to write a three-part adaptation with some sequences missing, some sequences created from scratch, and some sequences moved from one area to another regardless of its placement in the books.

J. R. R. Tolkien. The Complete Lord Of The Rings, First Editions.

To allow the story to be clearer for viewers, Jackson takes a more chronological approach to the story than did Tolkien. During shooting, the screenplays continued to evolve, in part due to contributions from cast members looking to further explore their characters.

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Each film had the benefit of a full year of post-production time before its respective December release, often finishing in October—November, with the crew immediately going to work on the next film. To avoid pressure, Jackson hired a different editor for each film. John Gilbert worked on the first film, Michael J. Horton on the second and Jamie Selkirk on the third.