Lawrence River, is dedicated by U.
President Franklin D. He would later die of the injuries sustained during this arrest bringing attention to South Africa's apartheid policies.
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Supreme Court d. Rodman, American Union general d.
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Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate d. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder b. Chrysler, American automobile executive b.
Skinner, American psychological theorist b. Senator from Hawaii b. The operation was doomed to fail, and was intended to develop and try new amphibious landing tactics for the coming full invasion in Normandy.
In Toronto, it is also dubbed as the Toronto Supercell. Births — Katharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria d. Quezon, 2nd President of the Philippines d.
Reyes, Filipino jurist d. Morton, American politician d. Black, American statesman b. August 20 Events — Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine away from the Byzantine Empire, marking the first great wave of Muslim conquests and the rapid advance of Islam outside Arabia.
He dies the next day. Postal employee Patrick Sherrill guns down 14 of his co-workers and then commits suicide. Martin shoots both Brendon Fearon and Fred Barras with a pump-action shotgun, with Barras later dying of his injuries. Only 18 people survive. Births — Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader d.
Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint d. Lovecraft, American writer d. Roman Catholic saints: Saint Bernard of Clairvaux.
Joseph and St. Daghlian, Jr. Eisenhower signs an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union. Dean is the first storm since Hurricane Andrew to make landfall as a Category 5. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer d. Kaye, British writer d. Hoisington, American Brigadier General b. Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland. The English Civil War begins. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.
Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice. The Red Cross is formed.
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See also Timeline of the BBC. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden Harney, U. Stone, American newspaper publisher d. Epstein, American screenwriter d. Carr, American astronaut — Norman Schwarzkopf, U.
Bickell, Canadian businessman and sports team owner b. Farrell, American novelist b. Newton, American activist b.
August 23 Events 79 — Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland are divided between the two nations. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
Births — Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat and historian d.
Mills, American Secretary of the Treasury d. Codd, English computer scientist d. Bushman, American actor b. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist b. Ukraine — Flag Day.
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Curio commits suicide to avoid capture. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri. Formation of the UK National Government. The American Communist Party is outlawed. Bartlett Giamatti.
The explosions are caused by suicide bombers reportedly female from the Russian Republic of Chechnya. Births — Geoffrey of Anjou, Count of Anjou d. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer d.
Congressman b. Supreme Court justice b. Kaiser, American industrialist b. Marshall, American actor b.
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Boucher, Mayor of Quebec City b. Feast day of Abban of Ireland Roman calendar Mundus patet: a harvest feast involving the dead. Ukraine: National holiday, independence from the Soviet Union Spain defeats Portugal. The Red Army is defeated. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
Gerard, American jurist and diplomat d. O'Kelly, Irish politician d. Uruguay — National Day independence from Brazil in Births — Ferdinand II of Naples d. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist d. Levine, American journalist d. Krakatoa explosions and tsunamis — Krakatoa, an Indonesian volcano, enters the final stage of its eruption. Ultimately sixty-one nations will sign it. The Government of Chad accuses Egypt of playing a role in the attempt and breaks off diplomatic relations.
Another bomb near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers. Justice Commandos Against Armenian Genocide claim responsibility, saying they are avenging the massacre of 1.
Of the passengers and crew, 49 of 50 are confirmed dead in the hours following the crash. Births — Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun d. Forester, British author d. Johnson, 36th President of the United States d.
Du Bois, American civil rights activist and scholar b.
Laboratory for Computer Science b.