Jobs is widely recognized as a pioneer of the personal computer revolution of the s and s, along with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak. Jobs was born in San Francisco , California, and put up for adoption. He was raised in the San Francisco Bay Area.
He attended Reed College in before dropping out that same year, and traveled through India in seeking enlightenment and studying Zen Buddhism. His declassified FBI report states that he used marijuana and LSD while he was in college, and once told a reporter that taking LSD was "one of the two or three most important things" he had done in his life.
Together the duo gained fame and wealth a year later with the Apple II , one of the first highly successful mass-produced microcomputers. Jobs saw the commercial potential of the Xerox Alto in , which was mouse -driven and had a graphical user interface GUI.
This led to the development of the unsuccessful Apple Lisa in , followed by the breakthrough Macintosh in , the first mass-produced computer with a GUI. The Macintosh introduced the desktop publishing industry in with the addition of the Apple LaserWriter , the first laser printer to feature vector graphics.
Jobs was forced out of Apple in after a long power struggle with the company's board and its then-CEO John Sculley.
That same year, Jobs took a few of Apple's members with him to found NeXT , a computer platform development company that specialized in computers for higher-education and business markets. In addition, he helped to develop the visual effects industry when he funded the computer graphics division of George Lucas 's Lucasfilm in The new company was Pixar , which produced the first 3D computer animated film Toy Story He was largely responsible for helping revive Apple, which had been at the verge of bankruptcy.
He worked closely with designer Jony Ive to develop a line of products that had larger cultural ramifications, beginning in with the " Think different " advertising campaign and leading to the iMac , iTunes , iTunes Store , Apple Store , iPod , iPhone , App Store , and the iPad.
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Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor in He died of respiratory arrest related to the tumor at age 56 on October 5, Clara, the daughter of Armenian immigrants, grew up in San Francisco. Schieble became pregnant with Jobs in when she and Jandali spent the summer with his family in Homs , Syria. Jandali has stated that he "was very much in love with Joanne And so she told me she wanted to give the baby up for adoption. Schieble gave birth to Jobs on February 24, in San Francisco and chose an adoptive couple for him that was "Catholic, well-educated, and wealthy.
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I was scared they were going to take him away from me. Even after we won the case, Steve was so difficult a child that by the time he was two I felt we had made a mistake. I wanted to return him.
With regard to his biological parents, Jobs referred to them as "my sperm and egg bank. That's not harsh, it's just the way it was, a sperm bank thing, nothing more. If we needed a cabinet, he would build it.
When he built our fence, he gave me a hammer so I could work with him I wasn't that into fixing cars Jobs had difficulty functioning in a traditional classroom, tended to resist authority figures, frequently misbehaved, and was suspended a few times.
Jobs would later credit his fourth grade teacher, Imogene "Teddy" Hill, with turning him around: "She taught an advanced fourth grade class and it took her about a month to get hip to my situation. She bribed me into learning. She would say, 'I really want you to finish this workbook.
I'll give you five bucks if you finish it. I learned more that year than I think I learned in any other year in school. They wanted me to skip the next two years in grade school and go straight to junior high to learn a foreign language but my parents very wisely wouldn't let it happen. Though the Jobs family was not well off, they used all their savings in to buy a new home, allowing Jobs to change schools.
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When he was 13 in , Jobs was given a summer job by Bill Hewlett of Hewlett-Packard after Jobs cold-called him to ask for parts for an electronics project. Neither Jobs nor Fernandez whose father was a lawyer came from engineering households and thus decided to enroll in John McCollum's "Electronics 1. He underwent a change during mid "I got stoned for the first time; I discovered Shakespeare, Dylan Thomas , and all that classic stuff.
I read Moby Dick and went back as a junior taking creative writing classes. I loved King Lear The teacher was this guy who looked like Ernest Hemingway.
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He took a bunch of us snowshoeing in Yosemite. In after Wozniak began attending University of California, Berkeley , Jobs would visit him there a few times a week. This experience led him to study in nearby Stanford University 's student union.
Jobs also decided that rather than join the electronics club, he would put on light shows with a friend for Homestead's avant-garde Jazz program. He was described by a Homestead classmate as "kind of a brain and kind of a hippie He was smart enough to be a nerd, but wasn't nerdy. And he was too intellectual for the hippies, who just wanted to get wasted all the time. He was kind of an outsider.
In high school everything revolved around what group you were in, and if you weren't in a carefully defined group, you weren't anybody. He was an individual, in a world where individuality was suspect. Around that time, Wozniak designed a low-cost digital " blue box " to generate the necessary tones to manipulate the telephone network, allowing free long-distance calls. Jobs decided then to sell them and split the profit with Wozniak. The clandestine sales of the illegal blue boxes went well and perhaps planted the seed in Jobs's mind that electronics could be both fun and profitable.
By his senior year of high school, Jobs began using LSD. He later asked her to come and live with him in a house he rented near the Reed campus, but she refused. After just one semester, Jobs dropped out of Reed College without telling his parents.
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In a commencement speech at Stanford University , Jobs stated that during this period, he slept on the floor in friends' dorm rooms, returned Coke bottles for food money, and got weekly free meals at the local Hare Krishna temple.
In that same speech, Jobs said: "If I had never dropped in on that single calligraphy course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. In February , Jobs returned to his parents' home in Los Altos and began looking for a job. According to Wozniak, Atari only hired Jobs because he took the board down to the company, and they thought that he had built it himself.
During this period, Jobs and Brennan remained involved with each other while continuing to see other people. Jobs traveled to India in mid  to visit Neem Karoli Baba  at his Kainchi ashram with his Reed friend and eventual Apple employee Daniel Kottke , in search of spiritual enlightenment.
Brennan joined him there for a period. Jobs was living in his parents' backyard toolshed, which he had converted into a bedroom. In mid, after returning to Atari, Jobs was assigned to create a circuit board for the arcade video game Breakout. Jobs had little specialized knowledge of circuit board design and made a deal with Wozniak to split the fee evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips.
Much to the amazement of Atari engineers, Wozniak reduced the TTL count to 46, a design so tight that it was impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. Jobs and Wozniak attended meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club in , which was a stepping stone to the development and marketing of the first Apple computer. By March , Wozniak completed the basic design of the Apple I computer and showed it to Jobs, who suggested that they sell it; Wozniak was at first skeptical of the idea but later agreed.
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A neighbor on Crist Drive recalled Jobs as an odd individual who would greet his clients "with his underwear hanging out, barefoot and hippie-like". He had a circuit board with a chip on it, a DuMont TV set, a Panasonic cassette tape deck and a keyboard.
He said, 'This is an Apple computer. Woz would show up once a week with his latest code. Steve Jobs didn't get his hands dirty in that sense. They received funding from a then-semi-retired Intel product marketing manager and engineer Mike Markkula.
Young, After Brennan returned from her own journey to India, she and Jobs fell in love again, as Brennan noted changes in him that she attributes to Kobun whom she was also still following. It was also at this time that Jobs displayed a prototype Apple I computer for Brennan and his parents in their living room. Brennan notes a shift in this time period, where the two main influences on Jobs were Apple Inc. By early , she and Jobs would spend time together at her home at Duveneck Ranch in Los Altos , which served as a hostel and environmental education center.
Jobs oversaw the development of the Apple II's unusual case and Rod Holt developed the unique power supply. Jobs usually went to work wearing a black long-sleeved mock turtleneck made by Issey Miyake it was sometimes reported as St.
Croix brand , Levi's blue jeans, and New Balance sneakers. Jobs told his biographer Walter Isaacson " As Jobs became more successful with his new company, his relationship with Brennan grew more complex.
In , the success of Apple was now a part of their relationship, and Brennan, Daniel Kottke , and Jobs moved into a house near the Apple office in Cupertino. In October , Brennan was approached by Rod Holt , who asked her to take "a paid apprenticeship designing blueprints for the Apples". Holt was particularly eager that she take the position and puzzled by her ambivalence toward it.
Brennan's decision, however, was overshadowed by the fact that she realized she was pregnant and that Jobs was the father. It took her a few days to tell Jobs, whose face, according to Brennan "turned ugly" at the news. At the same time, according to Brennan, at the beginning of her third trimester, Jobs said to her: "I never wanted to ask that you get an abortion.
I just didn't want to do that. She stated that Jobs told her "If you give up this baby for adoption, you will be sorry" and "I am never going to help you. She accepted the offer.
While distant, Jobs worked with her on a name for the baby, which they discussed while sitting in the fields on a blanket.