Science Book Of Class 8 Ncert History

Science book of class 8 ncert history

Hindi Medium solutions will be uploaded very soon for the new academic session Thus, the introduction of PIL is really a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all. This work provide detailed and complete data on some of the public facilities.

Looking at these data we can compare the socio-economic status of different people, classes, communities, regions and even of genders. Why did they begin to paint new themes? If true, write the reasons. Water availability per person in India is declining. How many of them pertain to different religions? What does this indicate? They look so exotic. List three things that you would tell her about the lives of Adivasis in India.

Discuss with your teacher when and how the Census is conducted.

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Write about how your life would change? Read out your responses in the classroom. Table of Contents 1 Why did the British preserve official documents?

Science book of class 8 ncert history

Official records of the British administration serve as important source of history of this period. The British rulers believed that every instruction, plan, policy, decision, agreement, investigation should be clearly written up.

This was necessary for proper study and debate about an issue. Hence, they carefully preserved all official records and created several archives for the purpose. What attracted European trading companies to India? Indian cotton and silk was in great demand in Europe. Indian spices were also in great demand. Goods could be bought at cheaper rates from India and could be sold at higher rates in Europe.

Science book of class 8 ncert history

This prospect attracted the European trading companies to India. Describe the main features of the Permanent Settlement. According to the Permanent, the rajas and taluqdars were recognized as zamindars and were given the responsibility of revenue collection from the peasants. The amount to be paid was fixed permanently and hence the name Permanent Settlement.

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What problems did shifting cultivators face under British rule? The shifting cultivators were forced to take up settled cultivation. But type of land and shortage of water meant they could not produce enough.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science

Many of them had to move on to other areas in search of work when access to the forest was restricted. What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use?

It was rumored that the new cartridges were coated with the fat of cows and pigs. This hurt the sentiments of both the Hindus and the Muslims. What is sustainable development? Balancing the need to use resources wisely and also conserve them for the future is called sustainable development.

Why did the British choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital?

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After the revolt, the British understood the symbolic importance of Delhi for the Indians. Hence, they choose to hold a grand Durbar in Delhi although it was not the capital.

What is bandanna? A printed scarf for neck or head is called bandanna. They thought that education should be useful and practical. They felt that Indians should be made familiar with the advances being made by the West. They thought that the Indians were uncivilized and needed to be civilized. This could be done only through English education.

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How did Jyotirao the reformers justify their criticism of caste inequality in society? He argued that the Aryans were foreigners who subjugated the true children of the country. He said that the upper caste had no right to land and power and the land belonged to the low caste people who were the original inhabitants of the land in the peninsula. Many other social reformers used the same logic to promote caste equality. Why did the scroll painters and potters come to Kalighat?

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The city of Calcutta was emerging as an administrative and commercial centre. It promised opportunities and bright future. The scroll painters and potters came to Kalighat in the hope of finding new patrons and buyers. They closely observed the changes in the society around them and began to paint new themes. Why did Gandhiji choose to break the salt law?

NCERT Book Class 8 Social Science (History) Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

Mahatma Gandhi and other nationalist leaders argued that salt was an essential item of our food and hence it was wrong to impose a tax on salt. Moreover, the issue of salt affected all; the rich and poor; alike. Hence, Gandhiji choose to break the salt law. By political equality, Dr. Ambedkar meant the universal adult franchise which gave equal rights to all citizens. By socioeconomic inequality, he meant the income disparities among people.

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State whether the given statement is true of false. True Reason: Due to increase in population the demand of water and deforestation also increases which reduces the fresh water reserves like rivers and ground water.

So, the availability of water is being declining.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science

Why are most industries concentrated around coal mines? Coal is used as main source of energy in most of the industries that is why the most industries are concentrated around coal mines saving the cost of transportation of coal.

Why are different crops grown in different regions? Different crops are grown in different regions because the favorable topography of soil and climate condition varies greatly in different regions. Also the type of crops depends upon the geographical conditions, demand of consumers and level of technology.

Science book of class 8 ncert history

What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California? The similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California are as follows: Availability of skilled man power Pleasant climate and clean environment Well-developed and well-connected industries Connected to marked properly.

What is meant by population composition? Population composition consists of data about number of male — female, population divided in different age group. It also maintain the records about literate — illiterate population and their occupation, health condition, level of income, etc. Identify the minority with reason: In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.

From Trade to Territory - Chapter 2 Class 8 History (Part 1)

Minority — Female teachers The Female teachers must be allowed to raise their voice so that their teaching efforts must not be hindered.

Look up the annual calendar of holidays of your school.

Class 8 Social Science NCERT Solutions - Free PDF download

This indicates that India is a secular country where religious freedom is granted to its citizens and all religions are equally respected.

When is Lok Sabha elected? The Lok Sabha is usually elected once every five years. Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. They used different forums like public protests, hearings, meetings with other organizations, press conferences and petitions to the government to introduce a new reformed bill on domestic violence to include demands like monetary relief and protection against being evicted from the shared household.

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act extended to include physical, economic, sexual, verbal and emotional abuse. Why do you think the introduction of Public Interest Litigation PIL in the s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all? It allowed any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated.

The legal process was greatly simplified and even a letter or telegram addressed to the Supreme Court or the High Court could be treated as a PIL. In the early years, PIL was used to secure justice on a large number of issues such as rescuing bonded labourers from inhuman work conditions; and securing the release of-prisoners in Bihar who had been kept in jail even after their punishment terms was complete. The law states that it is compulsory for an officer in charge of a police station to register an FIR whenever a person gives information about a cognizable offence.

Science book of class 8 ncert history

The FIR usually mentions the date, time and place of the offence, details the basic facts of the offence, including a description of the events. If known, the identity of the accused persons and witnesses is also mentioned.

The FIR also states the name and address of the complainant. There is a prescribed form in which the police registers an FIR and it is signed by the complainant. The complainant also has a legal right to get a free copy of the FIR from the police.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts-3 Chapter-3

They lived and often continue to live in close association with forests. Adivasis are not a homogenous population. There are over different Adivasis groups in India. What does Article 17 of the Constitution states about untouchability? Article 17 of the Constitution states that untouchability has been abolished — what this means is that no one can henceforth prevent Dalits from educating themselves, entering temples, using public facilities etc.

It also means that it is wrong to practise untouchability and that this practice will not be tolerated by a democratic government.