Based on J. CBS distributed more than , scripts of The Scarlet and the Black to students in elementary and high schools throughout the country, to be read aloud in class to stimulate student interest in English and history. The title The Scarlet and the Black is a reference not only to the black cassock and scarlet sash worn by Monsignores and bishops in the Roman Catholic Church , but also to the dominant colors of Nazi Party regalia.
In , the Nazi military occupies Rome.
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The Colonel expresses concern that escaped Allied prisoners may attempt to seek refuge in the Vatican, and requests permission to paint a white line across St. Peter's Square in order to mark the extent of Vatican sovereignty.
The Pope doesn't grant his permission, but when the SS officers leave, he sees out of the window that the white line had already begun to be painted. O'Flaherty is assisted in this enterprise by others, including locals, clergy and the diplomatic corps.
The Nazis attempt to destroy the group, but Kappler is frustrated by O'Flaherty's successes, due to his cleverness, disguises, and his straining the limits of the Vatican's neutrality.
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Met with continuous failure, Kappler begins to develop a personal vendetta against O'Flaherty. Despite O'Flaherty's efforts, Kappler manages to recapture many escaped POWs, deport many Jews to death camps, and exploit and oppress the general population; a number of O'Flaherty's friends are also arrested or killed. O'Flaherty is himself the target of an assassination attempt instigated by Kappler, which however fails due to the monsignor's boxing skills.
The rescue organization continues operating, and succeeds in saving many lives. As the war progresses, the Allies succeed in landing in Italy and begin to overcome German resistance, eventually breaking through and heading towards Rome itself.
Colonel Kappler worries for his family's safety from vengeful partisans, and, in a one-to-one meeting with O'Flaherty, asks him to save his family, appealing to the same values that motivated O'Flaherty to save so many others.
The Monsignor, however, refuses, refusing to believe that, after all the Colonel has done and all the atrocities he is responsible for, he would expect mercy and forgiveness automatically, simply because he asks for it, and departs in disgust.
The Graveyard Book
As the Allies enter Rome in June, , Monsignor O'Flaherty joins in the celebration of the liberation, and somberly toasts those who did not live to see it. Kappler is captured in and interrogated by the Allies.
In the course of his interrogation, he is informed that his wife and children were smuggled out of Italy and escaped unharmed into Switzerland. Upon being asked who helped them, Kappler realizes who it must have been, but responds simply that he does not know. The film epilogue states that O'Flaherty was decorated by several Allied governments after the war.
Kappler was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was visited in prison every month by O'Flaherty, his only regular visitor.
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Eventually, the former SS officer converted to the Roman Catholic faith, and was baptized by the Monsignor in He "answers questions that the film hasn't even raised. The world, in fact, didn't raise the questions until the 's.
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The film was unable to use Wolff's real name, since the SS General was still living when the film was in production; he died in Herbert Kappler converted from Protestant to Catholic in , however that fact only became known in His life imprisonment sentence was largely in relation to that crime. It was there that he was smuggled out in a suitcase by his wife in Kappler weighed less than pounds at the time.
The Graveyard Book Summary
He escaped to West Germany, where he died at age 70 in Actor Christopher Plummer was 53 years old during the production of the film. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see The Scarlet and the Black disambiguation. The New York Times.
A Study in Scarlet
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