No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses at least to the same overt act or on confession of the accused in open court.
Likewise, an alien, residing in the Philippine Islands, who commits acts of treason as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be punished by prision mayor to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed P20, pesos. As amended by E. Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason; Penalty. Misprision of treason. Being in possession, by reason of the public office he holds, of the articles, data, or information referred to in the preceding paragraph, discloses their contents to a representative of a foreign nation.
Violation of neutrality. Correspondence with hostile country. By prision mayor, if such correspondence be carried on in ciphers or conventional signs; and. By reclusion temporal, if notice or information be given thereby which might be useful to the enemy.
If the offender intended to aid the enemy by giving such notice or information, he shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal to death.
The same penalty shall be inflicted in case of mutiny on the high seas. Qualified piracy. Whenever the pirates have abandoned their victims without means of saving themselves; or.
Whenever the crime is accompanied by murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape. The penalty of prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the detention has continued more than three but not more than fifteen days;. The penalty of prision mayor, if the detention has continued for more than fifteen days but not more than six months; and. That of reclusion temporal, if the detention shall have exceeded six months.
Revised penal code book 1 article 2 of the ucc
Delay in the delivery of detained persons to the proper judicial authorities. In every case, the person detained shall be informed of the cause of his detention and shall be allowed upon his request, to communicate and confer at any time with his attorney or counsel. Delaying release. If the offense be committed in the night-time, or if any papers or effects not constituting evidence of a crime be not returned immediately after the search made by the offender, the penalty shall be prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods.
Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of those legally obtained. Searching domicile without witnesses.
The same penalty shall be imposed upon a public officer or employee who shall hinder any person from joining any lawful association or from attending any of its meetings. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall prohibit or hinder any person from addressing, either alone or together with others, any petition to the authorities for the correction of abuses or redress of grievances. If the crime shall have been committed with violence or threats, the penalty shall be prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods.
Offending the religious feelings. Article A. Coup d'etat; How committed.
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As amended by R. Penalty for rebellion, insurrection or coup d'etat. Any person merely participating or executing the commands of others in a rebellion shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal. Any person who leads or in any manner directs or commands others to undertake a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua.
Any person in the government service who participates, or executes directions or commands of others in undertaking a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period.
Any person not in the government service who participates, or in any manner supports, finances, abets or aids in undertaking a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal in its maximum period.
When the rebellion, insurrection, or coup d'etat shall be under the command of unknown leaders, any person who in fact directed the others, spoke for them, signed receipts and other documents issued in their name, as performed similar acts, on behalf or the rebels shall be deemed a leader of such a rebellion, insurrection, or coup d'etat.
Conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat, rebellion or insurrection.
The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished respectively, by prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed five thousand pesos P5, Disloyalty of public officers or employees.
Reinstated by E.
The Revised Penal Code: Criminal Law Book One
Inciting a rebellion or insurrection. Sedition; How committed. To prevent the National Government, or any provincial or municipal government or any public officer thereof from freely exercising its or his functions, or prevent the execution of any administrative order;. To inflict any act of hate or revenge upon the person or property of any public officer or employee;. To commit, for any political or social end, any act of hate or revenge against private persons or any social class; and.
To despoil, for any political or social end, any person, municipality or province, or the National Government or the Government of the United States , of all its property or any part thereof. Other persons participating therein shall suffer the penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding 5, pesos. Conspiracy to commit sedition. Inciting to sedition.
REVISED PENAL CODE (art 2-20)
Disturbance of proceedings. If any person present at the meeting carries an unlicensed firearm, it shall be presumed that the purpose of said meeting, insofar as he is concerned, is to commit acts punishable under this Code, and he shall be considered a leader or organizer of the meeting within the purview of the preceding paragraph.
As used in this article, the word "meeting" shall be understood to include a gathering or group, whether in a fixed place or moving.
Illegal associations. Mere members of said associations shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor.
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Indirect assaults. Disobedience to summons issued by the National Assembly, its committees or subcommittees, by the Constitutional Commissions, its committees, subcommittees or divisions. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who shall restrain another from attending as a witness, or who shall induce disobedience to a summon or refusal to be sworn by any such body or official. Resistance and disobedience to a person in authority or the agents of such person.
When the disobedience to an agent of a person in authority is not of a serious nature, the penalty of arresto menor or a fine ranging from 10 to P pesos shall be imposed upon the offender.
Persons in authority and agents of persons in authority; Who shall be deemed as such. A barrio captain and a barangay chairman shall also be deemed a person in authority. A person who, by direct provision of law or by election or by appointment by competent authority, is charged with the maintenance of public order and the protection and security of life and property, such as a barrio councilman, barrio policeman and barangay leader and any person who comes to the aid of persons in authority, shall be deemed an agent of a person in authority.
In applying the provisions of Articles and of this Code, teachers, professors and persons charged with the supervision of public or duly recognized private schools, colleges and universities, and lawyers in the actual performance of their professional duties or on the occasion of such performance, shall be deemed persons in authority.
As amended by PD No. The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed upon persons causing any disturbance or interruption of a tumultuous character. The disturbance or interruption shall be deemed to be tumultuous if caused by more than three persons who are armed or provided with means of violence. The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who in any meeting, association, or public place, shall make any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order.
The penalty of arresto menor and a fine not to exceed P pesos shall be imposed upon these persons who in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of Article 85, shall bury with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed. Unlawful use of means of publication and unlawful utterances. Any person who by the same means, or by words, utterances or speeches shall encourage disobedience to the law or to the constituted authorities or praise, justify, or extol any act punished by law;.
Any person who shall maliciously publish or cause to be published any official resolution or document without proper authority, or before they have been published officially; or. Any person who shall print, publish, or distribute or cause to be printed, published, or distributed books, pamphlets, periodicals, or leaflets which do not bear the real printer's name, or which are classified as anonymous.
REVISED PENAL CODE (ART. 1-113)
Any person who shall instigate or take an active part in any charivari or other disorderly meeting offensive to another or prejudicial to public tranquility;. Any person who, while wandering about at night or while engaged in any other nocturnal amusements, shall disturb the public peace; or. Any person who, while intoxicated or otherwise, shall cause any disturbance or scandal in public places, provided that the circumstances of the case shall not make the provisions of Article applicable.
If the escape of the prisoner shall take place outside of said establishments by taking the guards by surprise, the same penalties shall be imposed in their minimum period.
The Revised Penal Code Book I
Evasion of service of sentence on the occasion of disorder, conflagrations, earthquakes, or other calamities. Convicts who, under the circumstances mentioned in the preceding paragraph, shall give themselves up to the authorities within the above mentioned period of 48 hours, shall be entitled to the deduction provided in Article Other cases of evasion of service of sentence. However, if the penalty remitted by the granting of such pardon be higher than six years, the convict shall then suffer the unexpired portion of his original sentence.
Any convict of the class referred to in this article, who is not a habitual criminal, shall be pardoned at the age of seventy years if he shall have already served out his original sentence, or when he shall complete it after reaching the said age, unless by reason of his conduct or other circumstances he shall not be worthy of such clemency. Counterfeiting the great seal of the Government of the Philippine Islands, forging the signature or stamp of the Chief Executive.
Using forged signature or counterfeit seal or stamp. Prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine of not to exceed P2, pesos, if the counterfeited coins be any of the minor coinage of the Philippines or of the Central Bank of the Philippines below ten-centavo denomination.
Prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P1, pesos, if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country. Selling of false or mutilated coin, without connivance. The word "obligation or security of the United States or of the Philippine Islands" shall be held to mean all bonds, certificates of indebtedness, national bank notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, checks, or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the United States or of the Philippine Islands, and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have been or may be issued under any act of the Congress of the United States or of the Philippine Legislature.
By prision mayor in its maximum period and a fine not to exceed P5, pesos, if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by any banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same. By prision mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed P5, pesos, if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign government. By prision mayor in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P2, pesos, when the forged or altered document is a circulating note or bill issued by a foreign bank duly authorized therefor.
PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
Illegal possession and use of false treasury or bank notes and other instruments of credit. How forgery is committed. By erasing, substituting, counterfeiting or altering by any means the figures, letters, words or signs contained therein. Falsification by public officer, employee or notary or ecclesiastic minister. Causing it to appear that persons have participated in any act or proceeding when they did not in fact so participate;. Attributing to persons who have participated in an act or proceeding statements other than those in fact made by them;.
Making untruthful statements in a narration of facts;. Making any alteration or intercalation in a genuine document which changes its meaning;.