Red Listed Plants of India – 2015
It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world.
With its strong scientific base, the IUCN Red List is recognized as the most authoritative guide to the status of biological diversity. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction.
IUCN Red List
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN , the formally stated goals of the Red List are to provide scientifically based information on the status of species and subspecies at a global level, to draw attention to the magnitude and importance of threatened biodiversity, to influence national and international policy and decision-making, and to provide information to guide actions to conserve biological diversity.
Collectively, assessments by these organizations and groups account for nearly half the species on the Red List. The IUCN aims to have the category of every species re-evaluated every five years if possible, or at least every ten years.
The number of species included on the Red List has been increasing over time.
List of endangered animals in India
Plants listed may not, therefore, appear in the current Red List. The Red List, released on 4 May evaluated 40, species as a whole, plus an additional 2, subspecies , varieties , aquatic stocks , and subpopulations.
In this release, they have raised their classification of both the western lowland gorilla Gorilla gorilla gorilla and the Cross River gorilla Gorilla gorilla diehli from endangered to critically endangered , which is the last category before extinct in the wild , due to Ebola virus and poaching , along with other factors.
The Red List was released on 6 October at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Barcelona and "confirmed an extinction crisis, with almost one in four [mammals] at risk of disappearing forever".
IUCN Red List India Pdf Download Endangered species in india pdf 2018
The study shows at least 1, of the 5, mammals on Earth are known to be threatened with extinction, and are listed as Data Deficient. Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups,  specified through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation.
There is an emphasis on the acceptability of applying any criteria in the absence of high quality data including suspicion and potential future threats, "so long as these can reasonably be supported.
In the framework, Near Threatened and Least Concern became their own categories, while Conservation Dependent was removed and its contents merged into Near Threatened.
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Spix's macaw. There have been a number of versions, dating from , including:  . In , the IUCN Red List received criticism on the grounds of secrecy or at least poor documentation surrounding the sources of its data. The list is also open to petitions against its classifications, on the basis of documentation or criteria.
It has been suggested that the IUCN Red List and similar works are prone to misuse by governments and other groups that draw possibly inappropriate conclusions on the state of the environment or to affect exploitation of natural resources.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. Ecology portal Biology portal. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 20 June Archived PDF from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 20 July Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 11 October Archived from the original on 24 January Retrieved 25 November Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 22 June Retrieved 13 November Archived from the original on 16 November Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 10 November Sudhi 21 June Archived from the original on 24 June Archived PDF from the original on 1 March Retrieved 28 February Kirwan, Guy M.
Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. BirdLife International. Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 9 June Bibcode : Natur.
Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 19 September November Hilton-Taylor, C. Retrieved Walter, Kerry S. Summary Statistics.
Rodrigues, A. Sharrock, S. Conserving Europe's threatened plants — Report on the lack of a European Red List and the creation of a consolidated list of the threatened plants of Europe.
Threatened species. Threatened species by region. Endangered Wildlife Trust.
List of endangered and protected species of China Endangered mammals of India List of endangered animals in India List of endangered species in Pakistan List of threatened species of the Philippines List of endangered species in Vietnam.
Threatened fauna of Australia List of threatened flora of Australia List of endangered flora of Brazil List of threatened mammals of Brazil List of threatened birds of Brazil.
At a glance
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THE RED DATA BOOK: PUBLISHED BY IUCN/ THE RED LISTED ANIMALS (ECOLOGY)