Plant Anatomy Book By B P Pandey Pdf To Word

Plant anatomy book by b p pandey pdf to word

It is one of the optional subjects among the list of optional provided for the main examination.

UPSC Botany Syllabus for IAS Mains

It consists of two papers, paper 1 and paper 2, each of marks. Each paper is for a duration of three hours.

Plant anatomy book by b p pandey pdf to word

Angiosperms: Systematics, anatomy, embryology, palynology and phylogeny. Taxonomic hierarchy; International Code of Botanical Nomenclature; Numerical taxonomy and chemotaxonomy; Evidence from anatomy, embryology and palynology.

Origin and evolution of angiosperms; Comparative account of various systems of classification of angiosperms; Study of angiospermic families — Mangnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Apiaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Astera-ceae, Poaceae, Arecaceae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae.

Stomata and their types; Glandular and non-glandular trichomes; Unusual secondary growth; Anatomy of C3 and C4 plants; Xylem and phloem differentiation; Wood anatomy. Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination, fertilization; Endosperm — its development and function; Patterns of embryo development; Polyembroyony and apomixes; Applications of palynology; Experimental embryology including pollen storage and test-tube fertilization.

Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins; Genetic code and regulation of gene expression; Gene silencing; Multigene families; Organic evolution — evidences, mechanism and theories.

Plant anatomy book by b p pandey in pdf

Role of RNA in origin and evolution. Standard deviation and coefficient of variation CV ; Tests of significance Z-test, ttest and chi-square test ; Probability and distributions normal, binomial and Poisson ; Correlation and regression. Candidates with specialization in botany or agricultural sciences subject popularly opt for this subject. Others who have not specialized in the subject find it difficult to answer the paper in matters of relevant content and understanding.

It is also quite suitable for biotechnology students as they will also preferably have sound knowledge and basic reference with the subject matter.

Plant anatomy book by b p pandey pdf to word

Paper 1 presents a lot of theoretical questions to be explained clearly with the help of good diagrams. The part 2 of the paper is much more technical in nature and deals with the application part of the subject.

Here are some good preparation tips to be followed while preparing for the subject:. Some suggestive books to be referred to while preparing for botany are:. Your email address will not be published. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Agriculture Mains Syllabus. Bengali Mains Syllabus. English Mains Syllabus. Botany Mains Syllabus.

Botany Syllabus for UPSC

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Plant anatomy book by b p pandey pdf to word

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Plant anatomy book by b p pandey pdf to word

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