National Geographic Documentary THE LIFE OF GIANT TORTOISE & TURTLES Nat Geo Wild
All rights reserved. The top shell of a tortoise is called the carapace; the shell that covers a tortoise's belly is called the plastron. This allows them to stretch their necks higher to reach vegetation that grows above the ground. This conservation organization reintroduces many tortoises back into the wild once they've grown big enough that predators don't pose a danger.
The hawk preys on eggs and newly hatched tortoises. The main threats to adult tortoises are habitat destruction and illegal hunting.
Tortoises lay eggs. Females lay their eggs in nest holes, which they cover and leave.
Babies hatch in four to eight months. They are on their own from the beginning. National Geographic Maps.