Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a American pre-Code horror film , directed by Rouben Mamoulian and starring Fredric March , who plays a possessed doctor who tests his new formula that can unleash people's inner demons.
Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Analysis
The film is an adaptation of The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde , the Robert Louis Stevenson tale of a man who takes a potion which turns him from a mild-mannered man of science into a homicidal maniac. March's performance has been much lauded, and earned him his first Academy Award. Henry Jekyll Fredric March , a kind English doctor in Victorian London, is certain that within each man lurks impulses for both good and evil.
One night, while walking home with his colleague, Dr. Jekyll drives the man away and carries Ivy up to her room to attend to her.
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Ivy tries to seduce Jekyll but, though he is tempted, he leaves with Lanyon. When Sir Danvers takes Muriel to Bath, Jekyll begins to experiment with drugs that he believes will unleash his evil side. After imbibing a concoction of these drugs, he transforms into Edward Hyde—an impulsive, violent, amoral man who indulges his every desire.
Hyde finds Ivy in the music hall where she works.
Jekyll & HydeSynopsis - Broadway musical
He offers to financially support her in return for her company. They stay at her boarding house where Hyde sexually abuses and psychologically manipulates her. When Hyde reads in the paper that Sir Danvers and Muriel are planning to return to London, Hyde leaves Ivy but threatens her that he'll return when she least expects it. On the advice of her landlady, Ivy goes to see Dr.
Jekyll and recognizes him as the man who saved her from abuse that night. She tearfully tells him about her situation with Hyde, and Jekyll reassures her that she will never see Hyde again. But the next night, while walking to a party at Muriel's where the wedding date is to be announced, Jekyll spontaneously changes into Hyde. Rather than attend the party, Hyde goes to Ivy's room and murders her. Hyde returns to Jekyll's house but is refused admission by the butler.
Desperate, Hyde writes a letter to Lanyon instructing him to take certain chemicals from Jekyll's laboratory and take them home. When Hyde arrives, Lanyon pulls a gun on him and demands that Hyde take him to Jekyll. With no other choice, Hyde drinks the formula and changes back into Jekyll before a shocked Lanyon. Aware that he cannot control the transformations, Jekyll goes to the Carew home and breaks off the engagement.
After he leaves, he stands on the terrace and watches Muriel cry.
This triggers another transformation and, as Hyde, he enters the house and assaults Muriel. Sir Danvers tries to stop him, but Hyde beats him to death with Jekyll's walking stick then flees back to Jekyll's laboratory where he takes the formula again and reverts to Jekyll.
Lanyon recognizes the broken cane left at the crime scene and takes the police to Jekyll's home. Jekyll tells them that Hyde has already left, Lanyon insists that Jekyll and Hyde are one and the same.
The stress causes another transformation into Hyde and, after a fierce struggle, Hyde is shot by the police. Dying, he transforms back into Jekyll.
Source: . The film was made prior to the full enforcement of the Production Code and is remembered today for its strong sexual content, embodied mostly in the character of the bar singer, Ivy Pierson, played by Miriam Hopkins. When it was re-released in , the Code required 8 minutes to be removed before the film could be distributed to theaters. The secret of the transformation scenes was not revealed for decades Mamoulian himself revealed it in a volume of interviews with Hollywood directors published under the title The Celluloid Muse.
Make-up was applied in contrasting colors. A series of colored filters that matched the make-up was then used which enabled the make-up to be gradually exposed or made invisible. The change in color was not visible on the black-and-white film. Wally Westmore 's make-up for Hyde — simian and hairy with large canine teeth — influenced greatly the popular image of Hyde in media and comic books.
In part this reflected the novella's implication of Hyde as embodying repressed evil, and hence being semi-evolved or simian in appearance. The characters of Muriel Carew and Ivy Pierson do not appear in Stevenson's original story; Ivy Pierson's character is original to the film, while Muriel [Agnes] Carew does appear in the stage version by playwright Thomas Russell Sullivan.
John Barrymore was originally asked by Paramount to play the lead role, in an attempt to recreate his role from the version of Jekyll and Hyde , but he was already under a new contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Paramount then gave the part to March, who was under contract and who bore a physical resemblance to Barrymore.
March had played a John Barrymore-like character in the Paramount film The Royal Family of Broadway , a story about an acting family similar to the Barrymores. March would go on to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance of the role.
Every print of the film that could be located was recalled and destroyed, and for decades, the film was believed lost. The film was the first film to be screened at the first edition of the Venice International Film Festival. Hyde received mostly positive reviews upon its release. Mordaunt Hall of The New York Times wrote an enthusiastic review, comparing it favorably to the John Barrymore version as a "far more tense and shuddering affair" than that film. Hall called March "the stellar performer" in the title role while praising the acting of the entire supporting cast as well, and called the old-fashioned atmosphere created by the costumes and set designs "quite pleasing".
Film critic Leonard Maltin gave the film 3 out of a possible 4 stars, calling it "exciting", and "floridly cinematic", also praising March's and Hopkins performances. Variety ran a somewhat less favorable but still positive review.
Alfred Rushford Greason wrote that "the picture doesn't build to an effective climax" because it was too slow and labored in getting there, and that while the initial transformation sequence "carries a terrific punch", its effect became lessened with successive uses.
However, Greason credited March with "an outstanding bit of theatrical acting", declared the makeup "a triumph", and said that the sets and lighting alone made the film worth seeing "as models of atmospheric surroundings.
John Mosher of The New Yorker reported that the film "has its full storage of horror" and was "well acted". March, he wrote, "gives us a Mr.
Hyde as athletic and exuberant as might have been that of Douglas Fairbanks, Senior. The site's critical consensus reads, "A classic. The definitive version of the Robert Louis Stevenson novella from , with innovative special effects, atmospheric cinematography and deranged overacting. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:.
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Jekyll and hyde book plot twists
Theatrical release poster. Paramount Pictures. Epics, Spectacles and Blockbusters. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. October 19, Retrieved April 19, Hyde " article TCM. Film Affinity.
Retrieved March 23, The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide. Penguin Press. New York. The New Yorker. Film Daily. January 3, Hyde — Rotten Tomatoes".
Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 24, Retrieved August 20, Character Adaptations.
Jekyll & Hyde synopsis
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DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE BY ROBERT STEVENSON // ANIMATED BOOK SUMMARY
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