It is part of the Gush Dan metropolitan area.
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Founded in by Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire, it was the second Jewish farm settlement established in the land of Israel in the 19th century, after Petah Tikva. As of , it is the fourth largest city in Israel with a population of , The city is a member of Forum 15 which is an association of fiscally autonomous cities in Israel that do not depend on national balancing or development grants.
Reuven Yudalevich was also a member of the group. The British vice consul in Jaffa Haim Amzaleg purchased acres In addition to the problems posed by sandy soil and lack of water, the newcomers had no agricultural experience.
Baron Rothschild brought in experts who drilled for water, finding the groundwater table uneven. Wells were built at a depth of meters.
On 23 February , the settlers found water in the wells. To mark this occasion, the village emblem was inscribed with a verse from the Bible: "We have found water.
In Itzhak Leib Toporovski a blacksmith of the young village created the first iron plow in the land of Israel, and in the flag that would later become the Flag of Israel was raised for the first time as part of the celebrations of the 3rd anniversary of the village.
When Baron Edmond James de Rothschild took over, sending in his administrators and agricultural guide Shaul Helzner of Mikve Israel , major progress was made in the spheres of agriculture, citrus and viticulture. The Great Synagogue, which became a major focus of life in Rishon LeZion, was built between and Under Rothschild's patronage, the Carmel-Mizrahi Winery was established in In , as Rishon LeZion's population of around included several dozen children who required proper education, the Haviv elementary school was established in Rishon LeZion as the first modern school to teach exclusively in Hebrew.
In the first Hebrew kindergarten in the world was established by Esther Shapira Ginzburg a former student of the Haviv school. In , the medicine house, the baron's stables and the baron's clerks house were built. In the building in which the Carmel-Mizrahi Winery is located was built. A telephone was added to the winery in and in electricity was installed. In , a palm boulevard was planted in the location of the future city park. The Rishon LeZion orchestra was established in In , the year Theodor Herzl visited the settlement, the city park then the village park was established and a water tower was built next to the well.
David Ben-Gurion was head of workers' union at the winery before later becoming Israel 's first Prime Minister. At the year of its founding in , Rishon LeZion had a population of In , Rishon LeZion had a population of Five years later, the figure had risen to , and by , to In the management of the village was transferred from the baron's office to the village council and the Jewish Colonization Association.
In the village bell was constructed next to the medicine house, and in the first car "First chariot without horses" appeared in the village. In Rishon Lezion and the surrounding area experienced a Locust attack. Ayun Kara was the scene of a bloody battle between Turkish and New Zealand troops on November 14, In the women of Rishon Lezion were given voting rights and on the same year Nehama Pohatchevsky was elected chairman of the village council which marked the first time a woman was elected to the position.
In the British Army contracted the Jaffa Electric Company for wired electric power to the military installations in Sarafand. The contract allowed the Electric Company to extend the grid beyond the original geographical limits that had been projected by the concession it was given.
אולי יעניין אותך גם
The high-tension line that exceeded the limits of the original concession ran along some major towns and agricultural settlements, offering extended connections to the Jewish settlements of Rishon Le-Zion, Nes-Ziona and Rehovot in spite of their proximity to the high-tension line, the Arab towns of Ramleh and Lydda remained unconnected.
Rishon LeZion was declared a city in , by which time it had a population of around 18, By it had a population of , In , , people were living in the city.
By , the population is expected to reach , . Under a plan currently being considered, a new international airport will be constructed on a marine platform built two kilometers 1.
Another industrial zone in the western part of the city is planned to be almost doubled in size. In addition, the city has attracted significant immigration,  including from English-speaking countries.
Rishon LeZion's main industries today are wine , construction , services and commerce. Factories and workshops are located in the old industrial zone, which has become a popular venue for pubs , dance clubs, and restaurants. Industry in the city is largely divided into two industrial centers: the old industrial zone in the north of the city and the new industrial zone in the west of the city.
The city already hosts the large Shafdan recycling plant. Rishon LeZion has twenty-three elementary schools, nine middle schools, and twelve high schools.
Rishon Lezion's College of Management has a student population of 10, Rishon LeZion holds an annual wine festival. The city has a municipal zoo , an amusement park Superland , and a beach promenade. Heychal HaTarbut Hall of Culture is a venue for classical concerts , theatre performances and cultural events.
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It has a larger theatre for shows and two smaller ones for art workshops. Rishon LeZion can be divided into four main quarters: the old city, the eastern housing projects, the northern old industrial zone, and Western Rishon LeZion.
There is also an industrial zone on the southern tip of the city, next to Gan Sorek. The old city of Rishon includes the original neighborhoods, some buildings dating back to Rishon's founding in This quarter is located in the city center, between and around Herzl and Jabotinsky Streets.
חג אביב שמח באיקאה
It is dominated by the housing projects shikunim there, in the Shikunei HaMizrah neighborhood itself. The eastern projects stopped developing when they reached the fences of the Tzrifin military base. When and if Tzrifin is sold to private contractors as planned, this quarter is expected to expand significantly with new lucrative housing projects.
The northern zone is the oldest and original industrial zone, once full of light industry and glass factories. Today, it is known for its prolific nightlife. West Rishon LeZion is the conglomeration of the new neighborhoods of the city, built in the s and 90s.
The west also has a higher land value because of its relative proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. It includes the entire city west of Tzahal Road. Rishon LeZion is known for its achievements in handball and chess. Hapoel has won more than seven domestic championships and cups in a row, with stars like goalkeeper Vladimir Zaikman and field-players Idan Maimon and Dudi Balsar.
Handball is also a dominant sport in Rishon LeZion high schools.
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The Amit Amal high school handball team has won the world championship several times. In chess, the Rishon LeZion Chess Club , founded in , is one of the leading clubs in Israel, in senior, women and youth leagues.
Israeli grandmasters such as Boris Alterman play for Rishon. World champion Garry Kasparov was a former member.
Hapoel Rishon LeZion is the major football club, currently playing in the second tier , although the club played in the past in the top division , even as recently as — The club also appeared in two cup finals, in and in and won the —13 Toto Cup Leumit.
Other football clubs previously played in the city, such as Maccabi Rishon Lezion , which played at the top division during the s and the two seasons after the Israeli Declaration of Independence , as well as smaller clubs which played in the lower tiers, such as Beitar Rishon LeZion, Hapoel Bnei Zion and Hapoel HaMegabesh Rishon LeZion.
Other, smaller stadiums, are located in Shikun Hamizrah, in Nahlat Yehuda, and in the Superland complex.
The team plays at Bet Maccabi Arena, which seats 2, The city also is home to the new 3,seats Athletics Municipal Stadium, which was built between and , with the intention to host international athletics competitions. Rishon LeZion can be accessed by road from several major highways. Public transportation includes bus , train and share taxi. While the link north to Tel Aviv is operational, the railway from Moshe Dayan to Yavne is currently under construction and is expected to be completed in and from Yavne to Ashdod in There are future long-range plans for someday connecting the Rishonim station with Moshe Dayan station, while constructing a couple of additional railway stations in between them.
Rishon LeZion has an intracity bus network operated by Egged and Dan.
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The bus lines are augmented by share taxis operated by Moniyot HaIr. Rishon LeZion is twinned with:. According to Haaretz , he felt he could not sit quietly at home while missiles were falling on his sister city. Throughout the war, he stayed at the home of Rishon LeZion mayor Meir Nitzan and accompanied him on visits to sites hit by missiles.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Place in Israel. Coat of Arms. Rishon LeZion. NO .
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Israel. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
Retrieved 26 August Retrieved Rishon LeZion municipality. Retrieved 4 February Retrieved September 24, SUNY Press.