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Bradshaw's was a series of railway timetables and travel guide books published by W. Adams of London. George Bradshaw initiated the series in ; after his death in the Bradshaw's range of titles continued until Bradshaw's name was already known as the publisher of Bradshaw's Maps of Inland Navigation , which detailed the canals of Lancashire and Yorkshire , when, on 19 October , soon after the introduction of railways, his Manchester company published the world's first compilation of railway timetables.
In the title was changed to Bradshaw's Railway Companion , and the price raised to one shilling.
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The original Bradshaw publications were published before the limited introduction of standardised Railway time in November , and its subsequent development into standard time.
The accompanying map of all lines in operation and some "in progress" in England and Wales , is cited as being the world's first national railway map. In December , acting on a suggestion made by his London agent, William Jones Adams, Bradshaw reduced the price to the original sixpence, and began to issue the guides monthly under the title Bradshaw's Monthly Railway Guide. The eight-page edition of had grown to 32 pages by and to pages by and now included maps, illustrations and descriptions of the main features and historic buildings of the towns served by the railways.
Whatever the reason for the change, the numbering continued from When in Punch praised Bradshaw's publications, it stated that "seldom has the gigantic intellect of man been employed upon a work of greater utility.
Bradshaw minutely recorded all changes and became the standard manual for rail travel well into the 20th century.
guida bradshaw 1913 italiano
Bradshaw's timetables became less necessary from , when more than surviving companies were "grouped" into the Big Four. This change reduced dramatically the range and number of individual timetables produced by the companies themselves. They now published a much smaller number of substantial compilations which between them covered the country. Only the Great Western Railway retained its own format.
2 Second Lean (Italiano) audiobook in Italian
Between the two world wars , the verb 'to Bradshaw' was a derogatory term used in the Royal Air Force to refer to pilots who could not navigate well, perhaps related to a perceived lack of ability shown by those who navigated by following railway lines.
When the railways were nationalised in , five of the six British Railways Regions followed the companies' example by using Blacklock to produce their timetable books, but production was eventually moved to other publishers. This change must have reduced Blacklock's revenue substantially.
Bradshaw's Railway Guide, First Edition
Parts of Bradshaw's guide began to be reset in the newer British Railways style from , but modernisation of the whole volume was never completed.
The conclusion was inevitable, and the last edition, No. The Railway Magazine of that month printed a valedictory article by Charles E. Dickens refers it in his short story The Portrait-Painter's Story Somerset Maugham 's "The Book Bag" the narrator states "I would sooner read the catalogue of the Army and Navy Stores or Bradshaw's Guide than nothing at all, and indeed have spent many delightful hours over both these works".
Crime writers were fascinated with trains and timetables, especially as a new source of alibis. In the comic opera Cox and Box , the following exchange takes place:. They plan innumerable journeys across country for the fun of linking up impossible connections.
Bradshaw's Continental Railway Guide: 1853 Railway Handbook of Europe
Another reference is in an aside in Riddle of the Sands by Erskine Childers : " Chesterton 's The Man Who Was Thursday , the protagonist Gabriel Syme praises Bradshaw as a poet of order: "No, take your books of mere poetry and prose; let me read a time table, with tears of pride. Take your Byron, who commemorates the defeats of man; give me Bradshaw, who commemorates his victories.
Give me Bradshaw, I say! In Jerome K.
This section describes a comical incident where the author gets always misled by referring to outdated guides. In June the first number of Bradshaw's Continental Railway Guide was issued, giving the timetables of the Continental railways.
It grew to over 1, pages, including timetables, guidebook and hotel directory. It was discontinued in at the outbreak of the First World War.
Briefly resurrected in the interwar years, it saw its final edition in The edition was republished in September In December , the Middleton Press  took advantage of Network Rail 's willingness to grant third-party publishers the right to print paper versions of the National Rail timetable. Network Rail had discontinued official hard copies in favour of PDF editions, which could be downloaded without charge.
Bradshaw's Continental Railway Guide (full edition) [Lingua Inglese]
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