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The Arba'een Pilgrimage is the world's largest annual public gathering that is held every year in Karbala , Iraq   at the end of the day mourning period following Ashura , the religious ritual for the commemoration of martyrdom of the grandson of Prophet Mohammad and the third Shia Muslim Imam, Husayn ibn Ali 's in The number of participants in the annual pilgrimage reached 25 million or more by According to narrations, the custom of performing the pilgrimage on foot was forgotten during a time period after Morteza Ansari and it was revived by Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi in an Eid al-Adha who repeated this action every year performing the last one by AH AD Some other scholars and Marja's kept on the same manner in Arba'een up to the Saddam 's time  during which the pilgrimage was banned although a small number of people used to perform it secretly.
It was revived just after Saddam's overthrow in   and the number of participants grew year after year reaching 20 million pilgrims by The pilgrimage is marked by long walks from Najaf or Basra to Karbala. People from different walks of life, ethnicity and sect participate in the march  including toddlers in prams and elderly pushed in armchairs.
Husayn ibn Ali the Muslim saint for whom the pilgrimage is made is believed to transcend all cultural boundaries and be a symbol of universal freedom and compassion. During the pilgrimage "copious supplies of food, small clinics and even dentists are available for pilgrims and they all work for free.
Arbaeen: Number of Visitors
The care of pilgrims is regarded as a religious duty. This is because it is believed that serving even the pilgrims of Hussain attracts Divine blessings.
The pilgrims carry flags of different color but the black flag of mourning for Imam Hussein is by far the most common. They also decorate "permanent brick buildings and temporary tents which are used for praying, eating and sleeping along the three main routes leading to Kerbala".
What is interesting about this human crowd is that all society segments take part in it. Despite its religious character, nonreligious people also participate in it, in addition to illiterates and holders of high academic degrees, and ordinary people and leaders of the country.
Arbaeen should be listed in the Guinness Book of World Records in several categories. The biggest annual gathering, longest continuous dining table, largest number of people fed for free, largest group of volunteers serving a single event, all under the imminent threat of suicide bombings. The Arba'een pilgrimage is non-obligatory compared to Hajj which is obligatory for those who can afford it. But tight regulation of Hajj by Saudis have driven up costs and depriving it of spontaneity seen in Arba'een, making the latter an alternative for Muslims who cannot afford Hajj.
Arbaeen Nawawi – Shaykh Qamarudeen Yunus (Arabic)
Arba'een attracts more pilgrims than Hajj. The pilgrims face dangers such as "attacks that have been blamed on Sunni extremists, who have routinely targeted the pilgrims" using car bombs or rockets.
Stuffed with bombs, were meant to be scattered on the roads leading to Karbala during Arba'een. The ritual is no longer considered a purely cultural ceremony while ISIL , the group who regards Shia as apostate, had launched a wide offensive in Iraq, and hence the presence of such a large population of Shia is of a political importance.
After the fall of Mosul to the ISIL "and the subsequent massacres of Shia soldiers and civilians", the gathering took a political form for the first time for the Shia, who use the mourning rituals as a way to condemn injustice and express their social power.
As the third sign he pointed to "a message exchanged between regional forces" and "unprecedented Iranian presence" which has led to "a feeling of solidarity between Arab and non-Arab Shia".
Surveys are done to study Shi'a Muslims via both "traditional survey instruments and experimental methods".
አርበዒን ሐዲስ (1 of 42) Arbaeen Hadith in Amharic- Risala Production 2019 -YouTube
Iranian media, officials, religious figures and citizens have accused the Western media for ignoring the pilgrimage despite its large scale and its geopolitical and cultural significance. According to the article, unmarried women had become pregnant from the Iranian pilgrims.
This report was later proven to be false. The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean rejected the claims reported in Asharq al-Awsat and condemned the inclusion of its name, calling it "unfounded" news. Outside of Iraq, the pilgrimage is performed annually around the world in countries such as Nigeria , the United Kingdom , and the United States.
In , the organizers condemned terrorism following the November Paris attacks. The organizer said that the procession failed to gain coverage by the mainstream media because of "stereotyping", saying that "people see the entire Muslim community as one community. Pilgrims in West Africa who are unable to go to Karbala due to the distance involved instead head toward Zaria in Kaduna , Nigeria to be addressed by the Shia cleric Ibrahim Zakzaky. On 5 October , this annual Arba'een trek was attacked by Kano police, resulting in the death of a religious leader and injury to dozens of participants.
It was organised by the Islamic Movement of Nigeria which was previously a target of the Zaria massacre. In reference to Arabeen pilgrimage, head of Iran's Islamic seminaries Ayatollah Alireza Arafi said "Arba'een pilgrimage has truly become a manifestation of unity and brotherhood within Muslim community so much that even followers of other religions have been drawn to it and attend the ceremony alongside Shia Muslims.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Shia Islam. Beliefs and practices. Holy days. Ahl al-Kisa. Muhammad Ali Fatimah Hasan Husayn. Holy women. A man grilling meat for pilgrims along the path of the Arba'een Pilgrimage. A man holding a plate full of dates on his head for passing Arba'een pilgrims. Shia Islam portal.
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