John 7 (Part 2) :14-53 - Making a right judgment
Be diligent! As Jesus said "blessed are those who hear the word of God, and observe it. Love to the brethren is the centre-test of Christian practice. The person of Christ is the centre-test of Christian doctrine.
That which directly evoked this brief but concentrated note of affectionate greeting and warning was the unhappy circumstance referred to in verse 7: "Many deceivers are gone forth into the world. The particular seducers before John's mind are certain who "confess not that Jesus Christ cometh in the flesh.
Of such denial John does not hesitate to say: "This is the deceiver and the antichrist"- very plain speaking which should not be lost on us. These misleaders are here said to have denied "Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh"; or as the Greek could mean "Jesus as Christ coming in the flesh. The Gnostic denied that Christ could come in the flesh.
Some in the present day church deny that He ever can or will come again in the flesh. It is the incipient Gnostic position which John thinks of in this letter to the elect lady, with its denial that the Divine Spirit could come in material form. Our remarks in connection with John's first epistle will have indicated how specious this superior-sounding religious philosophy could be, especially when plausible lips and clever reverence were allied with it.
The deceivers are beckoning you on; but the red light is against you! Pull up! It is this which brings John. There is a superficial sentimentalism today which recoils from John's words as uncharitable.
But do we castigate the doctor for being intolerant with disease? Ask any of his patients! Would any of us knowingly welcome deadly virus into our bodies?
We all have to up with people of different views and beliefs, and as Christian believers we are truly to love their souls; but to fellowship co-operatively with them in Christ-dishonouring propagnda of any kind is a betrayal of our love to the Lord who bought us.
This letter was addressed to an unknown Christian woman. This is the only book in the Bible addressed to a woman. It is the keyword. Truth and love are inseparable. Test your experience by the Word of God, but never test the Word of God by your experience! The truth John speaks of is from above, the truth as it is in Christ Jesus.
Lesson 7: The Old New Commandment (1 John 2:7-11)
We are to walk in the truth, not just admire it. This love is genuine and not subject to change. This is the test of the gospel: Not what I think or what someone else has thought or said or done, but what has Christ said? What is He to you? Is He the Son of God? Many false teachers who would not confess that Jesus Christ was here in the flesh were traveling to the churches see 2 John 7— They did not believe in the humanity of Christ and denied His incarnation.
If you call Jesus Lord but deny His deity, you are a liar and an antichrist. John says this. Second John makes clear what our position should be regarding the enemies of the truth. Whereas 1 John focuses on our fellowship with God, 2 John focuses on protecting our fellowship from those who teach falsehood. The apostle went so far as to warn his readers against inviting false teachers into the house or even offering them a greeting 2 John Such practices align the believer with the evildoer, and John was keen on keeping the believers pure from the stain of falsehood and heresy.
See full introduction. John MacArthur - Introduction Click for full introduction.
False teachers influenced by the beginnings of Gnostic thought were threatening the church v. The strategic difference is that while 1 John has no specific individual or church specified to whom it was addressed, 2John has a particular local group or house-church in mind v. The individual addressed in the greeting v. The apostle seriously warns his readers against showinghospitality to such deceivers vv.
2 john 7 11 commentary on the book
Although his exhortation may appear on the surface to be harsh or unloving, the acutely dangerous nature of their teaching justified such actions, especially since it threatened to destroy the very foundations of the faith v.
For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth v. The basis of hospitality must be common love of or interest in the truth, and Christians must share their love within the confines of that truth. They are not called to universal acceptance of anyone who claims to be a believer. Love must be discerning. Hospitality and kindness must be focused on those who are adhering to the fundamentals of the faith.
Otherwise, Christians may actually aid those who are attempting to destroy those basic truths of thefaith.
King James Version (KJV)
Sound doctrine must serve as the test of fellowship and the basis of separation between those who profess to be Christians and those who actually are vv. Read his fascinating brief biography - Henry Alford and Phil Johnson's related comments. James Rosscup writes that Alford's series on the New Testament "contains much that is valuable in the Greek New Testament… though all of the Greek New Testament words have been changed to English throughout.
Charles Haddon Spurgeon see his comments in following entry on Alford. Editorial Note : If you are not proficient in Greek, you will find this work considerably more useful than the following work by Alford, because in this volume he translates the Greek and Latin into English.
While the " The Greek New Testament " see next entry below is longer e. Charles Haddon Spurgeon writes that this text "is an invaluable aid to the critical study of the text of the New Testament.
You will find in it the ripened results of a matured scholarship, the harvesting of a judgment, generally highly impartial, always worthy of respect, which has gleaned from the most important fields of Biblical research, both modern and ancient, at home and abroad. You will not look here for any spirituality of thought or tenderness of feeling; you will find the learned Dean does not forget to do full justice to his own views, and is quite able to express himself vigorously against his opponents; but for what it professes to be, it is an exceedingly able and successful work.
The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. Lectures to my Students, Vol.
A series of popular studies whose strong point is word study. Contains good illustrative material.
Featured Verse Topics
Part of the author's interpretation follows a liberal position. Barclay holds that Christ's descent into Hades gave those who there heard Him a second chance. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in — Various authors contributed. It is evangelical and amillennial… Often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile. C H Spurgeon "Albert Barnes is a learned and able divine, but his productions are unequal in value, the gospels are of comparatively little worth, but his other comments are extremely useful for Sunday-school teachers and persons with a narrow range of reading, endowed with enough good sense to discriminate between good and evil… Placed by the side of the great masters, Barnes is a lesser light, but taking his work for what it is and professes to be, no minister can afford to be without it, and this is no small praise for works which were only intended for Sunday-school teachers.
James Rosscup writes "This work Gnomon , originally issued in , has considerable comment on the Greek, flavoring the effort with judicious details about the spiritual life.
It has much that helps, but has been surpassed by many other commentaries since its day. Represents Combination of Bengel's Gnomon above and Comments by more modern expositors in brackets to make this more usable for those who do not read Greek.
Spurgeon comments on the goal to make Bengel's Gnomon listed above more accessible -- "Such is the professed aim of this commentary, and the compilers have very fairly carried out their intentions. We strongly advise the purchase of this book, as it… will well repay an attentive perusal.
Tischendorf and Alford have contributed largely… to make this one of the most lucid and concise commentaries on the text and teachings of the New Testament" Spurgeon, C. James Rosscup : This ICC work rates with Westcott as one of the top two detailed older commentaries of a technical nature based on the Greek text. Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works.
About this letter
Long recognized as a classic commentary on the Johannine epistles. First published in Bruce has updated the introductory material and provided a summary of the discoveries and developments since Westcott's time.
Laypeople can find it still valuable today. It is Arminian in viewpoint and thus helpful, for example, in showing the reader how this approach deals with texts involving the eternal security question. The work contains much background material from many sources on all books of the Bible. His mind was evidently fascinated by the singularities of learning, and hence his commentary is rather too much of an old curiosity shop, but it is filled with valuable rarities, such as none but a great man could have collected If you have a copy of Adam Clarke, and exercise discretion in reading it, you will derive immense advantage from it, for frequently by a sort of side-light he brings out the meaning of the text in an astonishingly novel manner.
I do not wonder that Adam Clarke still stands, notwithstanding his peculiarities, a prince among commentators. I do not find him so helpful as Gill, but still, from his side of the question, with which I have personally no sympathy, he is an important writer, and deserves to be studied by every reader of the Scriptures. Ellicott was an Anglican bishop. The New Testament part is more valuable. The work dates back to and is verse by verse, consisting of 2, pp.
Ellicott was an outstanding Anglican conservative scholar of the 19th century in England.
16. Exegetical Commentary on 2 John 1-13
Different scholars here contributed on different scripture books, Famous names included are George Rawlinson Exodus , H. Spence I Samuel , E. A one-volume condensation edited by John Bowdle is available Zondervan, , 1, pages. Now over a century old, it is still very helpful.
Important for linguistic study of the epistles. Defends Johannine authorship.